Document printed from TOXBASE® 23.10.17

Note: links from this entry are not printed automatically; please access and print all links separately.

UK NPIS 0344 892 0111
Ireland NPIC (01) 809 2566

The information on TOXBASE® requires expert clinical interpretation (ideally users should complete the TOXBASE® E-Learning modules; click here) and, therefore, should only be used by clinically trained medical/nursing professionals, who are responsible for the correct interpretation of the relevant clinical case history.  In severe or complex cases, including multiple ingestions, we recommend that you discuss your case with your poisons service: in the UK NPIS 0844 892 0111, in Ireland NPIC (01) 809 2566.

TOXBASE® entries should not be used as patient information sheets.

About the NPIS - TOXBASE

Updated 3/2017

Since 1998 it has been Department of Health policy that the first point of contact for poisons information for health professionals in the UK should be TOXBASE® online. This database contains information on approximately 17,000 products, together with generic advice on the management of poisoning.

TOXBASE® online is available free of charge to registered NHS users - accounts are issued per unit or department. TOXBASE® online is also available by paid subscription.

By using TOXBASE®, clinical staff can obtain key clinical information rapidly, including advice on potentially hazardous doses and appropriate management. A printable fact-sheet is available as a permanent record of the advice provided for that patient. The NPIS advises that it is important not to use a previously printed fact-sheet for newly presenting patients. Instead, staff should re-access TOXBASE® to obtain the very latest advice, as updates on TOXBASE® are performed virtually every day and old fact-sheets rapidly become out of date. The print-outs should not be handed to patients as information sheets.

TOXBASE® can be accessed from any computing device using a frames-enabled, JAVA-compliant browser (such as Internet Explorer 7 or above, Chrome, Firefox or Opera).

Comments on the content and advice provided in TOXBASE® are always welcome. Each entry is written by the NPIS, approved by all NPIS directors and regularly reviewed. Registered users who wish to discuss how to improve their use of the database are encouraged to contact the NPIS as advice on training can be provided.

The NPIS 24-hour telephone helpline (in the UK 0344 892 0111 and Ireland NPIC (01) 809 2566) is always available for discussion of more complex cases. When appropriate, senior medical staff can discuss their cases directly with an NPIS consultant clinical toxicologist.

Click here for the Terms and Conditions for TOXBASE users.

All material on TOXBASE® is subject to Crown copyright protection unless otherwise stated. Material should only be used to assist in the clinical management of poisoned patients and may be printed using the "Printable version" button, however we strongly advise that printouts should NOT be kept for any length of time, or for “future reference” as they can rapidly become out of date. For any other use of material you must apply for permission to NPIS Edinburgh, RIE, EH16 4SA or via